Colonial Georgian (1788-1850)

02 December 2013 . Tags: ,

Usually brick or stone
Hipped roof
Windows with 12 or more small panes as glass only available in small sizes. “Crown Glass” was hand-blown giving it a rippled effect. Some had French door with louvered timber shutters
Doors with four or six panels usually in the centre with windows placed symmetrically on either side
Fanlights over entrance doors
Timber columns
High pitched roofs of timber shingles, slate or imported flat iron tiles
Walls often lime-washed
Rear skillion roofed single-story structure for store rooms and less important bedrooms
Separate kitchen building often connected by a covered walkway
With second floor ground and first floor openings lined up
Flooring usually wide, pit-sawn boards
Timber ceiling joists and wall studs were lined with split timber laths and plastered in three coats of lime and cow hair plaster
Moulded timber skirting boards, chimney pieces, door and window linings and architraves. Plaster cornices and ceiling roses were not common
Colours were limited to natural pigments: white, cream, green, red, brown and black
An ornamental garden at the front of the house often reflected the geometry of a brick-edged carriage loop and paths radiating away from the house

Colonial Georgian cottages were influenced by the Georgian architecture popular at the time in Britain.  Many were architect designed or based on imported plans. One of the main influences was said to be the bungalow developed in Colonial India. In Australia, the Georgian style was simplified and restrained, reflecting the social and environmental circumstances in which the settlers lived. The major change to the English Georgian style was the verandah for sun protection.

Experiment Farm Cottage, Sydney, built c1835 by Surgeon John Harris (National Trust)

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